This video shows you that Akula-II Class Nuclear Submarine to give Indian Navy battlespace dominance – below the waves.
On 07 March 2019, India signed a contract with Russia to lease an Akula-2 class nuclear attack submarine for a period of 10 years commencing from 2025. India’s tryst with nuclear-powered submarines began with the lease of a Charlie-1 class nuclear attack submarine in 1988 from the erstwhile Soviet Union for a period of three years. It was returned in 1991 and in that period had provided the Indian Navy invaluable knowledge in understanding the complexity of operating and maintaining nuclear submarines. In 2012, an Akula-2 class submarine was leased for a period of 10 years. It is also called INS Chakra and will be in the Indian Navy till 2022. There is of course the possibility of the lease bring extended beyond that period.
More significantly, the lease of these submarines also underlines the depth and durability of the Indo-Russian strategic relationship as no country has ever leased or transferred a nuclear submarine to any other country. Akula class submarines (Project 971), which first entered service with the Soviet Union in 1985, were the most advanced attack submarines in the world. Now in their fourth iteration, regular improvements and upgradations have ensured that these are still considered amongst the most lethal of contemporary nuclear attack submarines. It is understood that the submarine being leased to India will be modified with an indigenous mix of equipment in its communication and sensor suite before it is handed over to the IN.
This is a positive development towards the national endeavour for achieving self- reliance in our defence requirements and our indigenous submarine building programme.
Why Submarines Submarines constitute the cutting edge of a navy’s offensive capability and are therefore are an integral element of a maritime nation’s security architecture. The versatility of the platform gives it the autonomy to operate across the entire spectrum of conflict from the strategic to the sub-conventional. Submarines can be broadly classified into three types – the ballistic missile armed nuclear submarine (SSBN) which is the most credible platform for strategic deterrence, the nuclear-powered attack submarine (SSN) and the diesel-electric submarine (SSK).
The harnessing of nuclear power to propel submarines after World war 2 transformed the concept of submarine deployment into a realm never imagined before. During the Cold War which ‘raged for over four decades, it was the nuclear submarines on both sides of the bi polar divide that more than anything else ensured that the Cold war remained ‘cold’.
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